Twee brieven uit Westerbork

  • Title: Twee brieven uit Westerbork
  • Author: Etty Hillesum
  • ISBN: 9789460036255
  • Page: 389
  • Format: Paperback
  • Twee brieven uit Westerbork In het najaar van verscheen een klein boekje met de onschulding klinkende titel Drie Brieven van den kunstschilder Johannes Baptiste van der Pluym In werkelijkheid was het een illegale uitgave va
    In het najaar van 1943 verscheen een klein boekje met de onschulding klinkende titel Drie Brieven van den kunstschilder Johannes Baptiste van der Pluym.In werkelijkheid was het een illegale uitgave van twee brieven uit kamp Westerbork, geschreven door Etty Hillesum Er werden honderden exemplaren van gedrukt en de opbrengst kwam ten goede aan het verzet.Onbedoeld richtte EIn het najaar van 1943 verscheen een klein boekje met de onschulding klinkende titel Drie Brieven van den kunstschilder Johannes Baptiste van der Pluym.In werkelijkheid was het een illegale uitgave van twee brieven uit kamp Westerbork, geschreven door Etty Hillesum Er werden honderden exemplaren van gedrukt en de opbrengst kwam ten goede aan het verzet.Onbedoeld richtte Etty Hillesum er een monument mee op voor wat zich in dat kamp, op die halve vierkante kilometer op de Drentse hei heeft afgespeeld.Op zeldzaam indringende, af en toe zelfs po tische wijze beschrijft zij het leven binnen de prikkeldraadomheining dramatisch, kleurrijk, bitter, intens En altijd onder de doem van de trein, die iedere dinsdag vertrok naar het oosten, naar een land waaruit iedereen vreesde nooit meer te zullen terugkeren.Wie Hillesums brieven leest, vergeet ze nooit meer.Ze vormen een hoogtepunt binnen de literatuur die uit de Tweede Wereldoorlog is voortgekomen, en beschrijven tegelijk het dieptepunt binnen de Nederlandse geschiedenis hoe meer dan honderdduizend joden via Westerbork naar hun ondergang werden geleid.Wie in volle omvang dit menselijk drama wil doorleven moet Twee Brieven Uit Westerbork lezen en wie het leest, is niet meer hetzelfde.

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    About Etty Hillesum


    1. Esther Etty Hillesum was a young Jewish woman whose letters and diaries, kept between 1941 and 1943 describe life in Amsterdam during the German occupation They were published posthumously in 1981, before being translated into English in 1983.Etty spent her childhood years in Middelburg, Hilversum 1914 16 , Tiel 1916 18 , Winschoten 1918 24 and Deventer, from July 1924 on, where she entered the fifth form of the Graaf van Burenschool The family lived at number 51 on the A J Duymaer van Twiststraat at present time number 2 Later in 1933 they moved to the Geert Grootestraat 9, but by then Etty was no longer living at home After primary school, Etty attended the gymnasium grammar school in Deventer, where her father was deputy headmaster Unlike her younger brother Jaap, who was an extremely gifted pupil, Etty s marks were not particularly worthy of note At school she also studied Hebrew, and for a time attended the meetings of a Zionist young people s group in Deventer After completing her school years, she went to Amsterdam to study law She took lodgings with the Horowitz family, at the Ruysdaelstraat 321, where her brother Mischa had been staying since July 1931 Six months later she moved to the Apollolaan 29, in where her brother Jaap also lived from September 1933 while he was studying medicine In November, Jaap moved to the Jan Willem Brouwerstraat 22hs Etty followed one month later As from September 1934, Etty s name once again appeared in the registry at Deventer.On 6 June 1935 she took her bachelor s exams in Amsterdam At that time she was living with her brother Jaap at Keizersgracht 612c In March 1937 she took a room in the house of the accountant Hendrik Hans J Wegerif, at Gabriel Metsustraat 61, an address also officially registered as the residence of her brother Jaap from October 1936 to September 1937 Wegerif, a widower, hired Etty as his housekeeper, but also began an affair with her It was in this house that she lived until her definitive departure for Westerbork in 1943.Before her final departure for Westerbork, Etty gave her Amsterdam diaries to Maria Tuinzing, who had meanwhile come to live in the house on the Gabriel Metsustraat as well Etty asked her to pass them along to the writer Klaas Smelik, with the request that they be published if she did not return In 1946 or 1947, Maria Tuinzig turned over the exercise books and a bundle of letters to Klaas Smelik His daughter Johanna Jopie Smelik then typed out sections of the diaries, but Klaas Smelik s attempts to have the diaries published in the 1950s proved fruitless Two letters Etty had written, in December 1942 and on 24 August 1943, concerning conditions in Westerbork, did get published They appeared in the autumn of 1943 in an illegal edition by David Koning, at the recommendation of Etty s friend Petra Pim Eldering This edition, with a run of one hundred copies, was printed by B H Nooy of Purmerend under the title Drie brieven van den kunstschilder Johannes Baptiste van der Pluym 1843 1912 Three Letters from the Painter Johannes Baptiste van der Pluym 1843 1912 The two letters were preceded by a foreword with a biography of the artist, and followed by a third letter, both written by David Koning to camouflage the true contents The revenues from the publication were used to provide assistance to Jews in hiding These letters have since been republished on several occasions.Etty s father and mother either died during transport to Auschwitz or were gassed immediately upon arrival The date of death given was 10 September 1943 According to the Red Cross, Etty died at Auschwitz on 30 November 1943 Her brother Mischa died on 31 March 1944, also at Auschwitz.


    570 Comments


    1. In 1943 this small book by Etty Hillesum, now published under the title 'Twee Brieven uit Westerbork'(Two Letters from Westerbork), appeared as 'Three Letters by Painter Johannes Baptiste van der Pluym' to hide it was an illegal print about life at Camp Westerbork. The camp being the place most Dutch Jews were sent to, before being deported to Dachau or Auschwitz. I have rated this book about life in the camp with five stars, yet honestly think one cannot 'rate' a book like this. It has to be re [...]

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    2. Ontzettend indrukwekkend om deze brieven die gestuurd zijn naar mensen buiten het kamp te lezen. Sterker nog, tijdens de oorlog zijn deze brieven uitgebracht door het verzet. Ik kan het me wel voorstellen. Etty kan heel mooi droevige dingen omschrijven. Ze heeft een uitzonderlijke kijk in de dagelijks leven van het kamp geschetst met de angst en tekorten waar de bewoners dagelijks of wekelijks mee te maken hadden. Helaas is Etty gedoporteert en omgekomen in Auswitch

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    3. Two letters written a year apart by a Jewish woman during World War II. She worked in Westerbork first, but later ended up in Auschwitz, where she died. She describes life in the transit camp Westerbork in a mere 50 pages and it is a horrifying, deeply saddening tale, but probably the most accurate description of life in Westerbork. I recommend this book highly, but don't read it when you're having a bad day!

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